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Hicks Block

1804 1 St Nw, Calgary, Alberta

Heritage Character Statement
An Edwardian Commercial Building Featuring; Load Bearing Brick Structure, Recessed Storefronts, Signband, Upper Apartments With Symmetrical Windows, Pressed Metal Cornice, And, Wooden Rear Decks And Stairs. Due To The Long Time Presence Of Calgary's Second Library, It Is/was Significant Within The Community.

Summary History
The Hicks Block Is Located In Tuxedo Park, A District Annexed In 1910 And Once Part Of The Short-Lived Village Of Crescent Heights, Which Had Been Incorporated In 1908. The City's Streetcar Line Extended To Crescent Heights And Tuxedo Park In 1911. Calgary Was Then In The Midst Of A Phenomenal Boom Period Characterized By Extensive Building Construction, Inflated Land Prices And Widespread Speculative Activity. The Boom Collapsed In 1913.

The Hicks Block Was Built For Dr. William A. Hicks, A Calgary Dentist Who Entered The Real Estate Market During The Boom As Owner Of The W.a. Hicks Investment Company. By 1919, Henderson's Directory Lists Dr. Hicks As A Dentist With The Department Of Soldiers Civil Re-Establishment, And By 1922, He No Longer Appears In City Directories Or Voters Lists. His Estate Owned The Property Until At Least 1940, And J.a. Hicks Sold The Building Around 1945.

A Building Permit For This Two-Storey Commercial And Residential Block Was Recorded On July 20, 1912, For A "1 Storey Store" To Be Built At An Estimated Cost Of $5000.00. The Builder Was Charles E. Simpson, And There Is No Record Of An Architect.

The Hicks Block Contained Four Storefronts On The Ground Level And Apartments Upstairs. Storefront Tenants Included Confectioners, Dry Goods Stores And Milliners, And Some Of The Shopkeepers Also Lived In The Building. Harold Potter's Grocery Store Functioned As A Sub-Post Office In 1920.

The Most Notable Tenant Was The Crescent Heights Branch Of The Calgary Public Library, Which Was Located In The Hicks Block From 1913 Until It Moved To Its Own Building In 1943. The Crescent Heights Branch Was The Calgary Public Library's First Branch Library, And It Remained The Only One Until 1945. It Opened In 1913 In A Single Storefront, And Expanded To The Adjacent Space The Following Year To Accommodate A Boys' And Girls' Room. Other Notable Tenants Included: A Methodist Sunday School (1916); North Hill Radio Service And North Hill Job Press (1930S); The Alberta Funeral Directors Association, The Auctioneers Association Of Alberta, The Insurance Agents' Association Of Alberta And The Veterinary Medical Association, All In A Single Storefront (1950S); And North West Printing And Lithographing Ltd. (1960S). By The 1970S, The Building Was Known As The Kelly Block.

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Hicks Block

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Heritage Character Statement
An Edwardian Commercial Building Featuring; Load Bearing Brick Structure, Recessed Storefronts, Signband, Upper Apartments With Symmetrical Windows, Pressed Metal Cornice, And, Wooden Rear Decks And Stairs. Due To The Long Time Presence Of Calgary's Second Library, It Is/was Significant Within The Community.

Summary History
The Hicks Block Is Located In Tuxedo Park, A District Annexed In 1910 And Once Part Of The Short-Lived Village Of Crescent Heights, Which Had Been Incorporated In 1908. The City's Streetcar Line Extended To Crescent Heights And Tuxedo Park In 1911. Calgary Was Then In The Midst Of A Phenomenal Boom Period Characterized By Extensive Building Construction, Inflated Land Prices And Widespread Speculative Activity. The Boom Collapsed In 1913.

The Hicks Block Was Built For Dr. William A. Hicks, A Calgary Dentist Who Entered The Real Estate Market During The Boom As Owner Of The W.a. Hicks Investment Company. By 1919, Henderson's Directory Lists Dr. Hicks As A Dentist With The Department Of Soldiers Civil Re-Establishment, And By 1922, He No Longer Appears In City Directories Or Voters Lists. His Estate Owned The Property Until At Least 1940, And J.a. Hicks Sold The Building Around 1945.

A Building Permit For This Two-Storey Commercial And Residential Block Was Recorded On July 20, 1912, For A "1 Storey Store" To Be Built At An Estimated Cost Of $5000.00. The Builder Was Charles E. Simpson, And There Is No Record Of An Architect.

The Hicks Block Contained Four Storefronts On The Ground Level And Apartments Upstairs. Storefront Tenants Included Confectioners, Dry Goods Stores And Milliners, And Some Of The Shopkeepers Also Lived In The Building. Harold Potter's Grocery Store Functioned As A Sub-Post Office In 1920.

The Most Notable Tenant Was The Crescent Heights Branch Of The Calgary Public Library, Which Was Located In The Hicks Block From 1913 Until It Moved To Its Own Building In 1943. The Crescent Heights Branch Was The Calgary Public Library's First Branch Library, And It Remained The Only One Until 1945. It Opened In 1913 In A Single Storefront, And Expanded To The Adjacent Space The Following Year To Accommodate A Boys' And Girls' Room. Other Notable Tenants Included: A Methodist Sunday School (1916); North Hill Radio Service And North Hill Job Press (1930S); The Alberta Funeral Directors Association, The Auctioneers Association Of Alberta, The Insurance Agents' Association Of Alberta And The Veterinary Medical Association, All In A Single Storefront (1950S); And North West Printing And Lithographing Ltd. (1960S). By The 1970S, The Building Was Known As The Kelly Block.

1804 1 St Nw, Calgary, Alberta
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